A fashionable portraitist from the roaring twenties through the end of the 1950s, Boris Lipnitzki was born in Russia in 1897 and moved to Paris in 1921.
With the support of his friend, fashion designer Paul Poiret, he opened a photographic studio as popular with the Russian exiles as with the fashion set, the photographer a welcome guest in artists' studios as well as in Parisian salons. He spent WWII in New York with Marc Chagall and returned to Paris after the war.
His photographic production is a true "Who's Who" of the Parisian creative world of the time, from writers to musicians, from painters to fashion designers.
A large section of the Boris Lipnitzki's portraits from the Roger-Viollet collections is being digitized by Parisienne de Photographie with the support of the Ministry of Culture and Communication.
http://laparisienne.orphea.com//thumbnails2/00000000672/4441_2.thu http://laparisienne.orphea.com//thumbnails2/00000000672/4441_2.thwJosephine Baker
Josephine Baker was born in 1906 in a poor family from Missouri and started her career as an itinerant vaudeville artist. She moved to Paris in 1925 and her first appearance in 'La Revue Nègre' at the Théâtre des Champs-Elysées, wearing only a string of artificial bananas, was an instant hit.ﾠ She later became the star dancer of the Folies Bergères cabaret. In 1931, her singing career was launched with a love song to Paris 'J'ai deux amours'. A French citizen since 1937, she got involved in the Resistance and fought against racism. She kept performing until her death in 1975, and is one of the most photographed vaudeville artists of her time.
http://laparisienne.orphea.com//thumbnails2/00000000641/51267_15.thu http://laparisienne.orphea.com//thumbnails2/00000000641/51267_15.thwGeorges Kelaïditès' swinging 60s
Born in 1932 in Paris, Georges Kelaïditès started working as a photographer's assistant in the early 1950s. He bought his first SLR camera in 1955 and the very same year, sold his first photograph to French news magazine 'Paris-Match'. He started spending his summers in Saint-Tropez on the French Riviera, taking candid images of celebrities without ever getting close to them, his motto being: "In order to photograph them, you have to stay away from their circle". In Paris, he photographed some of the icons of the 1960s and 1970s in a more formal way, at home and by appointment: Serge Gainsbourg, Jane Birkin, Michel Polnareff, François-Marie Banier or Line Renaud, for magazines 'Elle', 'Stern', 'Oggi' or Parisian newspaper L'Aurore'. He quit his career as a photographer in 1976.
Colette, born Sidonie-Gabrielle Colette in 1873, received a secular, feminist and literary education. Married to the publisher Henry Gauthiers-Villars, nicknamed Willy, she became his ghostwriter for the 'Claudine' series. In 1905, she freed herself: published 'Dialogues de Bêtes' (Animal dialogue) under the name of Colette Willy, performed mime shows at the Théâtre Marigny, the Moulin Rouge and the Bataclan. She also had female lovers and published her own works. In 1912, she married Henri de Jouvenel, chief editor of the newspaper 'Le Matin'. The couple had a daughter. As literary editor of 'Le Matin', she provided advice to Simenon before publishing him. Linked to Belgium by her mother, she was elected member of the Belgian Royal Academy and became friends with Queen Elisabeth of Belgium. From 1919 to 1925, she wrote 'L'Enfant et les Sortilèges' with Mr Ravel and met Maurice Goudeket, her last husband and greatest friend until her death in 1954. In 1945, she was admitted at the French Goncourt academy and promoted to the rank of Grand Officer of the French Légion d'Honneur in 1953.
http://laparisienne.orphea.com//thumbnails2/00000000658/3545_4.thu http://laparisienne.orphea.com//thumbnails2/00000000658/3545_4.thwEdith Piaf
Edith Gassion was born in Paris on December 19th, 1915 and lived in Belleville, then in Normandy where her grandmother owned a brothel. She followed her father at the age of 7 in his poor artist's life and left when she was 15 to sing Frehel in the street. Five years later, thanks to Louis Leplée who owned a cabaret, she became famous under her new name "La Môme Piaf" (the kid sparrow). After Leplée’s tragic death, another mentor, the composer Raymond Asso introduced her to Paris most prestigious music-halls: l'Alhambra, Bobino, l'ABC made her a major performing artist and radio star. In 1940, she performed in a theatre play, "Le Bel Indifférent", specially written for her by Jean Cocteau. Her life was punctuated with mostly unlucky love affairs, as with the boxing champion Marcel Cerdan. She promoted great French artists such as Yves Montand, Charles Aznavour or Georges Moustaki. Suffering of polyarthritis, she became addicted to morphine and alcohol. She saved the Olympia concert hall from bankruptcy in 1961 with legendary concerts. Exhausted, she performed duets with Théo Sarapo and married him in 1962. She died on October 10th, 1963 at the early age of 47 and over 40,000 persons attended her funeral at the Parisian Père Lachaise cemetery. Piaf and her legendary songs such as "La Vie en Rose" remain popular in the whole world.
http://laparisienne.orphea.com//thumbnails2/00000000476/4460_11.thu http://laparisienne.orphea.com//thumbnails2/00000000476/4460_11.thwJaurès in Paris
Born in Castres (near Toulouse) in 1859 in a middle-class family, Jean Jaurès is elected at the age of 25 a member of the French Parliament for the Republican party but becomes a socialist after the great miners' strike in Carmaux in 1892. He condemns the repressive policy of the government against the workmen, as well as the 'heinous laws' repressing the anarchist movement, and advocates freedom of conscience. Known as a great speaker, his meetings are crowded. After the Dreyfus case, whom he supported ardently, he devotes himself to journalism and founds left-wing daily 'L'Humanité' in 1904. He also participates in the creation of the SFIO party (International Workers Party's French section) with Jules Guesde. He embraces the pacifist cause and opposes the "3 years bill" seeking to extend the duration of the military service in a memorable speach in May 1913 at le Pré-Saint-Gervais near Paris. After the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand at Sarajevo, he opposes in vain the spiral towards war. On July 31, 1914 Jaurès is assassinated at Café du Croissant near his newspaper's offices, while having dinner. His murderer, nationalist Raoul Villain will be discharged in March 1919 in the patriotic aftermath of the 1918's victory. But after the electoral victory of the left wing coalition, Jean Jaurès' remains are transferred to the Panthéon on November 23, 1924. He is still considered one of the greatest figure of the French left.
http://laparisienne.orphea.com//thumbnails2/00000000770/1267_7.thu http://laparisienne.orphea.com//thumbnails2/00000000770/1267_7.thwJeanne Lanvin
Born in 1867 in a poor family, Jeanne Lanvin started to work at the age of 13 as an apprentice dressmaker and hat trimmer in a shop located rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré where she opened her own small fashion store five years later. In 1889, she opened her first boutique rue Boissy where she sold her own millinery creations.After giving birth to Marguerite in 1897, Jeanne started designing clothes for her baby, then collections and dresses. In 1909, she launched a clothing collection for women. As a part of the Parisian elite, the Lanvin fashion house joined the 'Syndicat de la Couture' (French Union of Fashion).Curious and inspired by arts, decorative arts and cultures from around the world, her creations were sophisticated and modern. She created her colors in her own dyeing workshops: Lanvin blue, Polignac pink, Velasquez green. She used to take as much care over the choice of fabrics and the finish. Later, she expended her activities into interior design, sportswear, men's clothing and perfume. As time went by, she set a textile empire counting numerous boutiques.Between the 1920’s and the 1930's, Jeanne Lanvin became a part of history: queens, princesses as well as famous actresses counted among her customers and 'Arpège', created in 1927, quickly became a mythical fragrance. Jeanne Lanvin died peacefully in 1946.
http://laparisienne.orphea.com//thumbnails2/00000000859/641_12.thu http://laparisienne.orphea.com//thumbnails2/00000000859/641_12.thwSarah Bernhardt
Born in 1844 from an unknown father and a courtesan, Sarah Bernhardt was raised in Brittany and sent to a Catholic convent school at the age of 10. In 1859, she was admitted to the Conservatoire national supérieur d'art dramatique (French National Academy of Dramatic Arts). She joined the Comédie-Française in 1862 but was expelled only 4 years later for slapping a sociétaire (regular member). Revealed at the Théâtre de l'Odéon, she converted it into a military hospital during the Paris Commune.In 1872, as she triumphed in the role of the Queen in 'Ruy Blas', Victor Hugo nicknamed her 'the golden voice'. Her success convinced the Comédie-Française to call her back but she violently resigned in 1880. She travelled the world with her own theatre company. Praised by Jean Cocteau, Anton Chekhov, the press and the public, this uncommon actress performed roles of both men and women.She strongly supported émile Zola during the Dreyfus affair, but also Louise Michel and the abolition of death penalty. An inspiration for fashion and Art Nouveau style, she commissioned Alfons Mucha to design her advertising posters. She also dramatized her daily life by posing in her room for Nadar or, when diagnosed with tuberculosis, in a coffin displayed in her house. 1900 marked the debut of the cinema career that she maintained despite her amputated leg and illness. She died on March 26, 1923 during the shooting of a film by Sacha Guitry. She was honored through a national funeral and buried at the Père-Lachaise cemetery.
http://laparisienne.orphea.com//thumbnails2/00000000618/280_2.thu http://laparisienne.orphea.com//thumbnails2/00000000618/280_2.thwPierre and Marie Curie
Pierre Curie, born in Paris in 1859, together with his brother Jacques discovered piezoelectricity in 1880. In 1895, after a doctoral thesis on magnetism, he became a professor of physics at the Paris School of Physics and Chemistry. The same year, he married Maria Sklodowska, a Polish scientist studying in France. Two years later, their daughter Irène was born and Marie started studying the phenomenon discovered by Becquerel, which she named « radioactivity ». Pierre started to work with her in 1898 and they were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in 1906 for their discovery of radium and polonium. Pierre accidentally died shortly thereafter and Marie replaced him at La Sorbonne, which was unprecedented. Recipient of the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1911, she was the only woman at the Solvay Conference, where she met Albert Einstein. During World War One, she worked with Irène on the use of radiography on the front. A model for generations of women and a respected international figure, she died from cancer in 1934.
http://laparisienne.orphea.com//thumbnails2/00000000329/8409_8.thu http://laparisienne.orphea.com//thumbnails2/00000000329/8409_8.thwLa Parisienne revealed
"On the occasion of the European Heritage Days, Parisienne de Photographie is treating you to a behind-the-scene tour. Parisienne de Photographie is in charge of conserving the Roger-Viollet photographic collections bequeathed to the City of Paris in 1984: 6 millions of images from the invention of photography to the end of the 20th Century. Conservation means sorting out, making inventories, cleaning and storing the negatives or photographic prints in adequate containers. It also means digitization in order to protect this treasure for the use of the generations to come. Apart from the Roger-Viollet collections, the Parisienne de Photographie reproduces the collections from Parisian museums and patrimonial libraries, almost 20 institutions in all, from the Paris Catacombs to the Historical Library, from the Carnavalet museum to the Palais Galliera fashion museum. Since the creation of the company in 2005, over 400,000 reproductions have become available to the public thanks to the scanning or photographing of works, documents and art pieces, as well as the indexation of these images. Parisienne de Photographie's other mission is to promote the collections through loans of original pieces, exhibitions of modern prints, screenings and online presentations on Paris.fr, Europeana or Paris en Images. Not to mention the work of Roger-Viollet agency, Parisienne's subsidiary in charge of the distribution to media and book publishing professionals, but that is another story (behind the pictures)!"